Reverse Logistics

Reverse Logistics

Reverse or reverse logistics: contribution to the control of returns and waste in the management of the supply chain

Economic globalization, regulation, regulation and standardization in the industry, the development of infrastructure, technological advances and environmental sustainability force companies to rethink the way of doing business, as well as to look for new approaches to maintain and expand their presence in the market. The new business strategies go through the rationalization of manufacturing and production operations, as well as initiatives to serve new markets, with new products and new ecological concepts.

Of all the processes, procedures and the introduction of a demanding environmental legislation – which requires manufacturers to carry out control, traceability and metrology for their products and to raise the level of protection of the environment – arises the projective discipline of reverse logistics or Reverse, understood as the renewal, recycling and collection of products, packaging and packaging, to minimize the impact on the environment and the health of business finances.

Large companies contribute enormously to pollution, for example, in the European Union reach the order of 50%, that is, half of the waste is derived from small and large companies. Hence the need to promote sustainable development in large companies and reduce the pollution generated in plants by determining the impacts derived from their products and services. But to be able to reach it, it is necessary to put at the disposal of the companies effective tools: systems of management of reverse or inverse logistics, of easy and fast implantation, that do not increase their costs of production.

The term Reverse or Reverse logistics is not only used to refer to the role of logistics in the return of the product, but also to the reduction in origin, recycling, reuse of materials, replacement of materials, disposal of waste and debris, repair and re-manufacturing them.

Its introduction has been the result of the growing environmental awareness in the industrialized countries, due to the problems derived from the collection of waste and used products or components and their recycling.

The reverse or inverse logistics of companies has had an increasingly relevant connotation due to the hidden values ​​that are handled and that constantly affect the comparative results of the company. The logistic management of inverse flows is a factor of competitive advantage given that by minimizing this process, better results are obtained throughout the supply chain and corroborates logistics as the discipline of handling the movement of goods, knowledge, information and circulating money .


Next, we will analyze the latest definitions of reverse or reverse logistics in order to identify their importance and contribution to the business world.

  1. “Reverse logistics includes all operations related to the reuse of products and materials. (…) refers to all logistic activities of collection, disassembly and processing of materials, used products and / or their parts, to ensure sustained ecological recovery “
  2. “It is the process of efficiently planning, implementing and controlling the flow of raw materials, inventory in progress, finished products and the information related to them, from the point of consumption to the point of origin, with the purpose of recapturing them, creating value or discard them. “
  3. “As reverse logistics, in the broadest sense, we understand all the processes and activities necessary to manage the return and recycling of goods in the supply chain.Reverse logistics encompasses distribution, recovery and recycling of products.”

The most important and representative elements of reverse logistics are the treatment of merchandise, products, packaging, packaging and the reduction in origin, that is, using and using tools in the life cycle of the product to obtain the minimum possible amount of waste, waste and non-recyclable or recoverable materials. It is a new environmental commitment in the supply chain, which encourages the development of a cleaner production (or service), with better environmental and production practices.

Reverse or reverse logistics is proposed as an economic strategic objective, since it adds value and differentiation in companies. The concept is part of the new business challenges of competitiveness and corporate social responsibility in the face of ecology.


To reduce the pollution generated by companies and determine the impacts derived from the waste of their products and services, effective tools such as Reverse or Reverse Logistics Management Systems (SIGEIN) are needed, which are easy and quick to implement and develop, which do not increase product costs.

For companies, reverse or reverse logistics is key not only for environmental reasons, but to efficiently manage the products introduced for different reasons in the chain, in order to recover the maximum value and contribution.

Re-Manufacturing Industry

The re-manufacturing industry will reach US $ 800 billion in 2020. Reverse Logistic Association & Automotive Aftermarket Industry Association

Automotive Electrical Industry

A single company re-manufactures more than 4 million alternators, starting engines and water pumps every year. Between 90% and 95% of all starting motors and alternators sold as spare parts are re-manufactured. According to the automotive parts remanufacturers association.